Students with ADHD disorder seems to face tremendous difficulties in school. ADHD stands for “attention deficit hyperactivity disorder”. Children with this disorder cannot pay much attention to the instruction of teachers and can get distracted very easily. Apart from this, the symptoms can be worse like being not able to stay still and often end up disturbing others. As per the studies about the disorder, the disorder can affect 5 to 10% of the students.
This blog is a small initiative by the writers of allassignmenthelp.co.uk to talk more about the disorder and ways in which students can be provided with help from their teachers and parents.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is said to be a neurodevelopmental disorder of one’s childhood. It is a very common neuro disease. Its diagnosis can be done in childhood and the disease can stay till adulthood. Children suffering from the disease find it difficult to control their impulsive behaviour, behaves overly active, or can face trouble while paying attention to things. There are certain symptoms of the disease that grows with time and could become severe to cause trouble to their academic, social, and personal life. Children suffering from ADHD can show symptoms like excessive daydreaming, forgetfulness, excessive talking, fidget, make careless mistakes, face problems while taking turns, cannot get along with others easily, and cannot resist temptation.
ADHD can be divided into three major parts and these are predominantly inattentive presentation, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation, and combined presentation. The risk factors, as well as the causes of the diseases, are still unknown to the doctors. However, as per studies, brain injury, premature delivery, use of alcohol or tobacco by mother during pregnancy, low birth weight, and exposure to environmental pollution during the pregnancy period are considered as the causes of the disease. Behavioural therapy and medication can help in the betterment of the condition. Moreover, managing symptoms can also help to some extent.
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Major Things Teachers And Parents Need to Know About ADHD
As we have studied, ADHD affects 5 to 10% of the children which is one out of every 10 children. It is fairly common. However, some misconceptions still exist among people about the disease. Given below are some of the major things parents and teachers should know about ADHD so that they can help children in the best way possible.
Inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are major symptoms of ADHD
The aforementioned are the three significant symptoms of ADHD that children are bound to feel now and then. However, for a good treatment of ADHD, any of these symptoms must have interfered in a child’s daily life. Symptoms have to be there before adolescence as it is a childhood disorder. Symptoms might change with time but these three would be there with children from a young age to their high-school years. Many children outgrow the condition whilst some cannot and it might affect them in their adulthood.
ADHD may differ from child to child
As we have studied above, ADHD has three major types, predominantly inattentive presentation, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation, and combined presentation. It is significant for teachers and parents to identify the type which has affected their child. Children with hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity are often diagnosed with the combined presentation. On the other hand, hyperactivity and impulsivity depict predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation, and inattentiveness is the sign of predominantly inattentive presentation. The inattentive symptom is common among girls in comparison to boys. It is the major reason why such students often make mistakes in their assignments.
ADHD is a brain-based disorder
No matter how hard your child tries to concentrate or willingly pay attention in the class, it won’t be much help. Because it is a mutation in the brain and we cannot change it just by the will. Treatment is important. It has been found that students with ADHD and without ADHD have different brain structures. Moreover, it is a hereditary disease.
ADHD’s symptoms can make social, personal, and academic life difficult
Kids with ADHD issue leads a tough life forever. Be it their school, family, and friends, it is always tough for them to get along. Moreover, children with ADHD disorder are likely to have learning disabilities such as dyslexia. For their social and personal life challenges can come in multiple faces such as difficulty with impulsivity and emotion control. They face issues with organization, focusing, and planning.
Treatments are available for ADHD
It is nothing like ADHD cannot be treated. There are multiple therapies along with strong research that can help anyone with ADHD to be at ease and do better in life. There are medicines available for the disease along with behaviour therapy, ADHD coaching, and education and training. Therefore, parents and teachers with ADHD kids can feel relieved as there are many ways in which such kids can be helped.
How Teachers Can Help ADHD Students?
Now, coming to the most important part of the blog, let us read about some of the strategies and plans teachers can make to help students with ADHD issues.
As we all know students with ADHD issues has the lowest concentration ability. To accommodate that inability teachers can keep the assignments brief and can suggest them with corrections immediately. If the projects are long then they should be made short in parts. Right structuring and organization of lessons are also important.
It is better to communicate with the student directly. There should be no third party. One can use a note-taking strategy to make the most out of the direct instruction plan.
Peer tutoring can be a great help to such students as it can help in yielding dramatic academic gains and grades. Teachers can assist students with the right assignment structure, handwriting, and many other academic bits of help.
Teachers need to understand the brains and capabilities of such students to set the right schedule. It has been seen that problem-solving ability is good during the morning. Hence, one can provide academic instruction during that period. Non-academic activities can be taken care of during the afternoon.
If novels are presented to students with interest and motivation, it can help them in improved attention. If the stimulation is increased through novelty with texture, shapes, and colour, it can help in the elevation of attention and improved performance.
Rule reminders and visual cues
It is essential to have well-defined modes of presentation. One cannot rely on such students on their memory of rules. It is important to have visual rule reminders and cues in the classroom. Auditory cues also play an important role in such situations. For example, tape with tone.
Apart from all these methods, there are some other ways that one can try to help kids with ADHD. Teachers can suggest students go on with their own pace of task, they can give them clear and direct instructions instead of a multi-step direction, they can plan productive physical movements to develop repertoire, and they can practice powerful external reinforcement.
Now, moving forward let us read about the strategies and plans that parents can use to help their child who is suffering from ADHD.
How Parents Can Help Kids With ADHD?
Raising a child with ADHD disorder is nothing similar to traditional child-raising. The rules and regulations have to be different in the household. It would create a helpful surrounding within the house for ADHD kids. Let us discuss some of the dos and don’ts for the case of ADHD disorder that can make parents and kid’s life easier.
Things parents should not do while raising a child with ADHD
- Do not get all worked up and leave the patience. You must make your flexible during the learning phase of your kid.
- Do not lash out whilst feeling overwhelmed or angry. You cannot do that as your child is a little different from others.
- You cannot stay pessimistic or believe in all negative thoughts.
Things parents should do while raising a child with ADHD
- It is important to set a structure or routine for your kid in the case of ADHD.
- Parents must break tasks into manageable portions. You cannot expect the solution to complex projects from your ADHD kid.
- Parents must try to make their kid’s life simple and organized with everything possible.
- It is important as a parent to put limits to their distractions.
- As a parent, make them exercise daily. Exercise is of great benefits.
- You need to take care and regulate the sleep pattern of your child in case of ADHD.
- You must encourage their loud-out thinking. This will help them in building self-confidence.
- You must promote wait time and teach about the needed pauses in things in general.
- Provide them with individualized counselling.
- You need to believe in your child.
- Take breaks and calm yourself. Keep yourself composed.
These are some of the ways that medical science suggests. They can help any child suffering from ADHD cope with the situation better.
Untreated ADHD can have some serious impact on the children even if they turn to an adult. School, work, and other relationships would always be at stake for such children. Therefore, treatment is crucial to alleviate the effect of the condition. Many people with ADHD are living successful and happy life. So, it is not tough for your kid as well. When you realize that the kid has ADHD, first take them to the doctor and make yourself more aware of the whereabouts of the disorder. Later, you can try on therapies and medications as suggested.
Frequently Asked Questions
|Q. Is ADHD a form of autism?|
A. Autism and ADHD are related in some ways. They are not very similar or a form of each other but they have few common symptoms. However, having one of these conditions simply means you can have the other one.
|Q. Is ADHD a serious mental illness?|
A. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a major mental illness. It can have severe impairment and comorbidity rates. If you do not treat the illness on time, it can have serious consequences in future.