For the past 3-4 decades, multiculturalism has affected a number of societies in the world. Particularly in UK, multicultural education is one of the increasingly recognized streams of humanity and anthropology. Having associated with different connotations, multicultural education is viewed as an issue of debate and discussion in academic community. The subject has grown to be an inclusive one as it has influenced educational practices and a range of research efforts. Multicultural education also touches very pertinent and relevant topics of humanity that have always required a keen eye to address them. These topics are Race, Ethnicity and Culture which are often used interchangeably.
Multicultural education has generated an enthusiasm in educators who want to expand their knowledge. It is imperative here to elaborate what multiculturalism is. Multiculturalism refers to the philosophy of properly responding to cultural and religious diversity. It aims at the promoting the existence, acceptance and tradition of multiple cultures in one jurisdiction. Also some say, it is fundamental to the belief that all citizen are equal. Multiculturalism has its roots when Europeans saw it as an answer to its social problems. In UK, however, it is observed that many people think that multiculturalism is making their society worse. They believe that it has encouraged exclusion rather than inclusion in the society because minority communities are moving away from mainstream to live parallel lives and this makes them display their ethnic behaviors that are counter to broader society. They further add that these separate communities provide a fertile soil to increased radicalization.
Hence multicultural education has started addressing these issues not only in UK but in societies around the world. The advocates of multicultural education have highlighted its importance in that it should be studied in the colleges or universities. They believe this will give them a helping tool to tackle the aforementioned issues in the society.
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Is really a test or examination can gauge the exact calibre of a student? This topic is a burning topic and debates are going on with impartial conclusions. Most of the parents and their children wait for the results of the test and this becomes a trend to measure the capability of those children. The practice of “standardized testing,” becomes a standard issue now. It has been approved and condemned as well by some schools. This debate has various questions with different conclusions. How do we classify what it means to study something, and how can we check for it? Let’s have a discussion about it whether it is a clampdown for students or have better scope for them.
According to some responsible persons, the style of “standardized testing” is engaging which calculates students by a common yardstick, keeps teachers responsible for results, and assists to recognize where problems hide. But the excitement to sort the smart from the not-so-smart has had social and cultural up-shots from the beginning.
Peter Sacks who is the author of Standardized Minds says, “The modern testing movement came out of the effort at the turn of the last century…to ascertain society’s ‘mental defectives’ and sort them from those of superior intelligence who would occupy society’s elite strata.”
It is really a critical situation because these standardized tests are framed by those in a position of authority. This examination system has been culturally biased in favor of the “haves” and not in favor of the “have-nots.”
Students of America have been spending too much time to prepare for exams and taking stress for these standardized tests. The federal government wants students to take annual state tests in various subjects like math, English, science and social studies. Some states and districts also run standardized tests for each subject which includes art, music, journalism and physical education. After exams, scores are used to measure students and transfer them from one grade to another, to decide teacher and administrator pay, and to tag schools as “failing” which is a step that often leads to conclusions.
Alternatives of Standardized Testing:
Healthy Assessment Measures:Students, teachers and schools should be gauged by an enhanced set of measures which does not need any extensive standardized testing, but covers all skills and learning.
Sensible Use of Test Scores: Test scores can be used carefully to identify the strength and weakness of a student.
Portfolio Assessments: Teacher and student portfolios that hoard a array of jobs like assignments, tests, projects, etc. – give a far wealthier portrait of teaching and completion than is possible by standardized testing.
Peer Reviews: Unfortunately, the US Department of Education stopped using this peer reviews system because the system does not link its ratings of teachers to student test scores.
Due to the multi-facet conclusions and lack of proven connections between testing and accomplishment, as well as general evidence about the limitations and problems of high-stakes testing. In America, the parents go up against current efforts to enlarge the use of standardized tests. We advise instead a considerable decrease in the number of such tests, along with substitute means for evaluating teacher quality, school strength and student development. Share your ideas with us to make this debate more worthy. It is the article written by one of our accounting professional who provide assignment help to the students.