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Standardized tests in UK

A standardized test is defined as a test in which all the contestants have to answers the same set of questions as well as in a standard and consistent manner so that it will be easier for the examiners to assess their relative performance. In UK it was introduced in early 19th century and then spread throughout the British Commonwealth followed by Europe and America. Prior to this form of pedagogy, the western world was greatly influenced by the Greece philosophy of assessment by using essays written by students. But with the advent of post industrial revolution era of school education, there was a crying need of compulsory education for increased student population, the open-ended assessment of students gave way for standardized tests.

standardized tests in UK

Advantages of standardized tests

  1. The standardized tests being in multiple choice formats present a practical solution for the student assessment.
  2. Having been able to quantify the results, educators can easily identify proficiency levels.
  3. Use of automation and computerized testing simplifies the evaluation
  4. It has proved to be unbiased method of student evaluation
  5. The results of even different schools can also be compared with each other
  6. It help in tracing the student progress
  7. It helps in measuring ability of the students

Disadvantages of standardized tests

  1. It puts teachers in a box as most of them do not find it convenient in teaching the way they want to teach
  2. It is a matter of debate and argument that standardized tests can be a way of inaccurate judgment.
  3. It inspires cheating
  4. Sometimes the questions are very general in nature falling short of proper evaluation
  5. Results don’t allow the examiners to update teaching methodology
  6. The scores of the students can be influenced by the external factors.

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Competency based education (CBE) in UK

The competency based education is a system of education that is used to learn solid practical skills rather than abstract way of learning. The person undergoing competency based learning acquires fine-grained skills and a high level of competency. The learners, however, work on a particular and limited competency at a single time from a larger learning pool. In this way they have to master successive and more complex competencies in the same manner. For example if someone has to learn driving, he needs to master rules of roads, safety standards, defensive driving and transmission and shifting through the gears. From students’ points of view, the CBE approach has certain pros and cons at the same time.

learning with CBE


  1. Students have an option of flexibility as they can study at their individual pace. There are a lot of learners who have to switch between managing work and family; they find this approach highly effective.
  2. These programs are helpful in saving time significantly.
  3. These programs are tailored according to student choices and needs
  4. They help in making the foundations very strong and crystal clear because the competencies involved pertain to precise skills.
  5. They are helpful in terms of employment.


  1. Rising cost of education has considerably made it unaffordable for learners because the competency based education requires greater amount of time on the part of learner and hence more money.
  2. The duration of the learning in CBE approach can make learners stuck at one stage for longer period that can delay their entry into workforce. It can severely impact their skills in this rapidly changing world.

competency based education (CBE) is one of the newest ways of imparting education in young students.  So read more such topics from our allassignmenthelp UK experts.