Special needs education is an educational program that is utilized to address the educational needs of those students who are facing challenges with learning, challenges with communication, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities and developmental disorders. There are various specialized teaching techniques used for these students. The UK government, for the past few decades, has been introducing different provisions to meet the needs of such students. They are required to make sure that more and more special students are entered in the school premises, devise their curriculum, policies for their homework and school trips and most important of all they are needed to ensure that such students are not discriminated against, come what may. The Equality Act 2010 has been enforced to take care of that.
Methods of inclusion
The schools on United Kingdom are allowed to use a variety of approaches to provide special education services. Some of the basic methods are listed here:
- Inclusion: this approach allows the students with special needs to spend some time with those students who do not have special needs because this practice promotes inclusion which is very necessary element for learning. In between the specialized services given to these students such as more intensive instructional sessions, they are made to interact with the other students.
- Mainstreaming: mainstreaming refers to the proper assimilation of special students with other students as far as educational methodologies are concerned. They are allowed to be aware of each other’s skills.
- Segregation: in this approach the students with special needs are taught in separate classrooms or special schools. They do not spend time with the students who are non-disabled.
- Exclusion: in this approach, most of the students with special needs are excluded from the schools. These students are then given one-on-one instruction.
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